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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jul;287(1):E166-73. Epub 2004 Mar 16.

Possible involvement of the alpha1 isoform of 5'AMP-activated protein kinase in oxidative stress-stimulated glucose transport in skeletal muscle.

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  • 1Dept. of Medicine and Clinical Science, Kyoto Univ. Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Shogoin-Kawaharacho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that 5'AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is activated in response to metabolic stresses, such as contraction, hypoxia, and the inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation, which leads to insulin-independent glucose transport in skeletal muscle. In the present study, we hypothesized that acute oxidative stress increases the rate of glucose transport via an AMPK-mediated mechanism. When rat epitrochlearis muscles were isolated and incubated in vitro in Krebs buffer containing the oxidative agent H(2)O(2), AMPKalpha1 activity increased in a time- and dose-dependent manner, whereas AMPKalpha2 activity remained unchanged. The activation of AMPKalpha1 was associated with phosphorylation of AMPK Thr(172), suggesting that an upstream kinase is involved in the activation process. H(2)O(2)-induced AMPKalpha1 activation was blocked in the presence of the antioxidant N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), and H(2)O(2) significantly increased the ratio of oxidized glutathione to glutathione (GSSG/GSH) concentrations, a sensitive marker of oxidative stress. H(2)O(2) did not cause an increase in the conventional parameters of AMPK activation, such as AMP and AMP/ATP. H(2)O(2) increased 3-O-methyl-d-glucose transport, and this increase was partially, but significantly, blocked in the presence of NAC. Results were similar when the muscles were incubated in a superoxide-generating system using hypoxanthine and xanthine oxidase. Taken together, our data suggest that acute oxidative stress activates AMPKalpha1 in skeletal muscle via an AMP-independent mechanism and leads to an increase in the rate of glucose transport, at least in part, via an AMPKalpha1-mediated mechanism.

PMID:
15026306
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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