Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pharm World Sci. 2004 Feb;26(1):18-25.

Pharmaceutical care model for patients with type 2 diabetes: integration of the community pharmacist into the diabetes team--a pilot study.

Author information

  • 1Pharmacy Service, Hôpital du Jura Bernois SA, Rue Beausite 49, 2740 Moutier, Switzerland. joel.wermeille@hjbe.ch



To evaluate the feasibility and impact of a structured approach for community pharmacist input as a member of the multidisciplinary team caring for patients with type-2 diabetes and health professional providing advice on medication.


Prospective pretest-posttest single group study. Sixty-two patients on oral hypoglycaemic therapy, identified as regular customers of four Scottish (UK) community pharmacies, were recruited. Each patient underwent an initial assessment: review of medical general practice notes/community pharmacy PMR (Patient medication record) system and structured interview. Standardised documentation was completed, a pharmaceutical care plan (PCP) prepared, peer-reviewed and then discussed face-to-face with patients' GPs (general practitioners). A second (final) assessment was conducted 24 to 28 weeks from the initial interview.


Pharmaceutical care issues (PCIs) throughout study period; change in parameters from initial to final assessment: patient knowledge of oral hypoglycaemic and anti-hypertensive therapy; HbA1c; blood pressure; total cholesterol; medication compliance.


A total of 178 PCIs were identified (mean [range] 2.9 [1-5] per patient) and categorised: drug therapy problems (n = 76); monitoring (n = 21); and patient knowledge (n = 81). Drug therapy problems discussed with the GPs were agreed for 74 (97%) and resolved for 55 (72%) at final assessment. Biological outcome measures were assessed for 59 patients (3 drop-outs). A reduction (P < 0.05) in HbA1 c, blood pressure and total cholesterol was observed over the study period. Patients knowledge was poor for oral hypoglycaemic therapy but improved (initial-51 %, final-72%, P < 0.05).


This study demonstrated a feasible pharmaceutical care model for diabetes patients in an European country. The results have shown the pharmacist to be effective and well accepted by GPs and patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk