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J Biol Chem. 2004 May 21;279(21):21888-96. Epub 2004 Mar 10.

Hyaluronan cell surface binding is induced by type I collagen and regulated by caveolae in glioma cells.

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  • 1Laboratoire d'Oncologie Moléculaire, Chemistry Department, Université du Québec à Montréal.


Hyaluronan (HA) is a component of the brain extracellular matrix environment that is synthesized and secreted by glioma cells. The primary cell surface receptor for HA is CD44, a membrane glycoprotein that is functionally regulated by a membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). Both CD44 and MT1-MMP are partially located in Triton X-100-insoluble domains, but no functional link has yet been established between them. In the present study, we studied the regulation of HA cell surface binding in U-87 glioma cells. We show that an MMP-dependent mechanism regulates the intrinsic cell surface binding of HA as ilomastat, a broad MMP inhibitor, increased HA binding to glioma cells. HA binding was also rapidly and specifically up-regulated by 3-fold by type I collagen in U-87 cells, which also induced a significant morphological reorganization associated with the activation of a latent form of MMP-2 through a MT1-MMP-mediated mechanism. Interestingly, caveolae depletion with a cell surface cholesterol-depleting agent beta-cyclodextrin triggered an additional increase (9-fold) in the binding of HA, in synergy with type I collagen. On the other hand, HA cell surface binding was diminished by the MEK inhibitor PD98059 and by the overexpression of a recombinant, wild type MT1-MMP, whereas its cytoplasmic-deleted form had no effect. Taken together, our results suggest that MT1-MMP regulates, through its cytoplasmic domain, the cell surface functions of CD44 in a collagen-rich pericellular environment. Additionally, we describe a new molecular mechanism regulating the invasive potential of glioma cells involving a MT1-MMP/CD44/caveolin interaction, which could represent a potential target for anti-cancer therapies.

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