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Annu Rev Phytopathol. 1998;36:277-93.

Root-knot nematode resistance genes in tomato and their potential for future use.

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  • 1Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.


The gene Mi, which confers resistance to several species of root-knot nematode, is present in many modern tomato cultivars. Recent cloning of this gene revealed that it encodes a member of the plant resistance protein family characterized by the presence of a putative nucleotide binding site and a leucine-rich repeat. Analysis of transgenic plants revealed the unexpected result that Mi also confers resistance to potato aphids. Although highly effective in many conditions, Mi fails to confer resistance at high soil temperature, and Mi-virulent nematode isolates have been identified in many areas of the world. These findings have stimulated efforts to identify new sources of root-knot nematode resistance. Resistance genes that differ from Mi in properties and genetic position have been identified in Lycopersicon peruvianum. These genes, as well as the cloned Mi gene, provide a resource for broadening the base of root-knot nematode resistance in tomato and other crops.

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