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PLANT PROTEIN SERINE/THREONINE KINASES: Classification and Functions.

Author information

  • Biochemistry Department, Dundee University, Dundee, Scotland, DD1 5EH, United Kingdom; e-mail: d.g.hardie@dundee.ac.uk

Abstract

The first plant protein kinase sequences were reported as recently as 1989, but by mid-1998 there were more than 500, including 175 in Arabidopsis thaliana alone. Despite this impressive pace of discovery, progress in understanding the detailed functions of protein kinases in plants has been slower. Protein serine/threonine kinases from A. thaliana can be divided into around a dozen major groups based on their sequence relationships. For each of these groups, studies on animal and fungal homologs are briefly reviewed, and direct studies of their physiological functions in plants are then discussed in more detail. The network of protein-serine/threonine kinases in plant cells appears to act as a "central processor unit" (cpu), accepting input information from receptors that sense environmental conditions, phytohormones, and other external factors, and converting it into appropriate outputs such as changes in metabolism, gene expression, and cell growth and division.

PMID:
15012205
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