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Am J Health Promot. 2004 Mar-Apr;18(4):292-5.

Efficacy of a video for teaching patients about prostate cancer screening and treatment.

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  • 1Bradley University, Department of Nursing, Burgess Hall 213, Peoria, IL 61625, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To test the effectiveness of a video to teach patients about prostate cancer screening and treatment in a clinic setting.

METHODS:

A staged, two-group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was used. Questionnaires were completed before and after a routine doctor's appointment in a Veteran's Administration clinic. The experimental group (n = 52) viewed the video, and the control group (n = 52) received usual care only. The two groups were similar in age, education, race, and quality of life.

RESULTS:

Knowledge increased significantly from pretest to posttest for the experimental group, but not for the control group (p < .001). More patients in the experimental group changed their preference for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening (31% experimental vs. 2% control, p = .002), indicating the patients were impacted by the information presented. Viewing the video did not stimulate increased discussion with the physician or lengthen appointment time.

CONCLUSION:

The video was effective in improving knowledge about a complex topic and changing some patients' preference for PSA testing without frightening or confusing patients.

PMID:
15011928
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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