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Jpn J Antibiot. 2003 Dec;56(6):719-36.

[Use of the antibacterial agent levofloxacin for acute upper respiratory tract infection accompanied by fever (> or = 38 degrees C)].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Respiratory Disease Clinic, First Department of Internal Medicine, Yokohama City University School of Medicine.

Abstract

The appropriate administration method of levofloxacin in relation to symptoms was investigated by following up 2,353 patients prescribed either levofloxacin (300 mg divided into 3 doses) or 400 mg (divided into 2 doses) for the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection accompanied by fever (temperature (> or = 38 degrees C) of suspected bacterial infection. 1) The cure rate based on body temperature as an index was significantly higher in the group administered 400 mg/day compared with the group administered 300 mg/day. No significant difference between the two regimens was observed in patients with a temperature < or = 38.5 degrees C at the start of administration, but patients with a temperature > or = 38.6 degrees C showed a significantly higher cure rate when administered 400 mg/day compared with 300 mg/day. 2) No significant difference between the groups was observed with respect to the improvement of quality of life (QOL), assessed using a VAS. In patients with a temperature > or = 38.6 degrees C, however, significantly higher improvement rates were demonstrated on days 3, 5 and 6 of treatment at 400 mg/day compared with 300 mg/day. 3) The reconsultation rate was significantly lower in the group administered 400 mg/day compared with the group administered 300 mg/day. No significant difference between the groups was observed in patients with a temperature < or = 38.5 degrees C. However, in the patients with a temperature > or = 38.6 degrees C, treatment at 400 mg/day achieved a significantly lower reconsultation rate compared with 300 mg/day. 4) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were concomitantly administered to 64.3% of the patients, but no significant difference in the cure rate was observed between patients with or without concomitant use of NSAIDs. 5) Among all of the patients, 12.7% were positive for the influenza virus, and anti-influenza drugs were concomitantly administered to 41.3% of them. However, no significant difference in the cure rate was observed between the group administered levofloxacin alone and the group concomitantly administered anti-influenza drugs. 6) The incidence of adverse drug reactions was 0.84% in the group administered 400 mg/day and 0.50% in the group administered 300 mg/day. No significant difference was observed between these groups and no serious adverse drug reactions occurred. In conclusion, for treating patients with acute upper respiratory tract infection accompanied by fever (> or = 38.6 degrees C) and suspected bacterial infection, levofloxacin dosage of 400 mg/day (divided into 2 doses) was superior to 300 mg/day (divided into 3 doses) in terms of therapeutic effect, QOL, and the reconsultation rate. This was considered to be an administration method worth recommending, including its safety. In patients with a temperature of 38.0 degrees C to 38.5 degrees C, administration of levofloxacin at 300 mg/day was confirmed to demonstrate a sufficient therapeutic effect.

PMID:
15007881
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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