Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Mar;70(3):1413-24.

PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profiling of inter- and intraspecies 18S rRNA gene sequence heterogeneity is an accurate and sensitive method to assess species diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of the genus Gigaspora.

Author information

  • 1Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu√°ria, Embrapa Agrobiologia, Serop√©dica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. fdesouza@cnpab.embrapa.br

Abstract

Despite the importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the majority of terrestrial ecosystems, their ecology, genetics, and evolution are poorly understood, partly due to difficulties associated with detecting and identifying species. We explored the inter- and intraspecies variations of the 18S rRNA genes of the genus Gigaspora to assess the use of this marker for the discrimination of Gigaspora isolates and of Gigasporaceae populations from environmental samples. Screening of 48 Gigaspora isolates by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) revealed that the V3-V4 region of the 18S rRNA gene contained insufficient variation to discriminate between different Gigaspora species. In contrast, the patterns of 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) heterogeneity within the V9 region of this marker could be used for reliable identification of all recognized species within this genus. PCR-DGGE patterns provided insight into some putative misidentifications and could be used to differentiate geographic isolates of G. albida, G. gigantea, and G. margarita but not G. rosea. Two major clusters were apparent based upon PCR-DGGE ribotype patterns, one containing G. albida, G. candida, G. ramisporophora, and G. rosea and the other containing G. decipiens and G. margarita. Dissection of the DGGE patterns by cloning, DGGE screening, and sequencing confirmed these groupings and revealed that some ribotypes were shared across species boundaries. Of the 48 isolates examined, only two displayed any spore-to-spore variation, and these exceptions may be indicative of coisolation of more than one species or subspecies within these cultures. Two Brazilian agricultural soils were also analyzed with a Gigasporaceae-specific nested PCR approach, revealing a dominance of G. margarita within this family.

PMID:
15006761
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC368397
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Secondary Source ID

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Secondary Source ID

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk