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Antibiot Khimioter. 2003;48(10):11-5.

[Inhibition of ABC-transporter(s)' function in non-small cell lung cancer cells by platinum drugs].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

  • 1N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow.

Abstract

With an account of the literature data that platinum drugs react with many cellular targets, including ATP and proteins, the authors suggested that disturbance of the function of energy-dependent ABC-transporters (markers of multidrug resistance, MDR) under the effect of platinum drugs could be a cause of increased efficacy of MDR agents (agents, MDR to which is developed by the classical mechanism) when used in combination with platinum drugs even in the treatment of multidrug resistant lung cancer. The cisplatin and carboplatin effect on accumulation of MDR doxorubicin in cells of non-small cell cancer was studied by flow cytometry with the use of biopsy specimens. The MDR phenotype of the tumors was determined by a change in doxorubicin intracellular accumulation under the action of the ABC-transporter(s)' inhibitors: verapamil and genistein (specific inhibitors of Pgp and MRP respectively) and sodium azide (an inhibitor of all energy-dependent ABC-transporters). The MDR phenotypes, i.e. Pgp-MRP+ or Pgp+MRP+, were detected in all the tumors investigated. Two types of changes in doxorubicin intracellular accumulation under the action of the inhibitors and the platinum drugs were shown: (a) an increase in doxorubicin cytoplasmic accumulation and (b) a change in subcellular distribution of the anthracycline (increased accumulation of doxorubicin in the cell nucleus and its higher binding to DNA). Cisplatin and carboplatin had an inhibitory effect on ABC-transporter(s) in all the tumors investigated but the effect of carboplatin was less pronounced. It was concluded that cisplatin and carboplatin stimulation of doxorubicin intracellular accumulation, as well as a change in subcellular distribution of the anthracycline under the action of the platinum drugs (increased doxorubicin accumulation in the cell nucleus) in multidrug resistant lung tumors could be at least partly explained by inhibition of the MDR transporter(s)' function. The results could provide a basis for the use of the sequential combination cisplatin (or carboplatin)-->doxorubicin in the treatment of multidrug resistant lung cancer.

PMID:
15004974
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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