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J Plant Physiol. 2004 Jan;161(1):131-3.

Cold acclimation and abscisic acid induced alterations in carbohydrate content in calli of wheat genotypes differing in frost tolerance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetic and Molecular Biology, University of Pécs, 7624 Pécs, Ifjúság u. 6, Hungary. ilda@ttk.pte.hu

Abstract

The effect of cold and abscisic acid (ABA) treatment on soluble carbohydrate content was compared in callus cultures of wheat genotypes differing in frost tolerance. The effect of 5A chromosome substituted from the frost tolerant <<Cheyenne>> to the sensitive <<Chinese Spring>> on cold-induced carbohydrate accumulation was also determined. Following cold hardening, the increase in sucrose and fructan level in calli of tolerant varieties was significantly higher than those of the sensitive ones. In 5A substitution line higher sucrose and fructan content was detected than in recipient <<Chinese Spring>>. Tendentiously, cold stress caused higher degree of changes in carbohydrate content than the exogenously applied ABA did. Comparing the accumulation pattern of the components of WSC measured in vitro to the previously published in vivo results it can be concluded that in the case of sucrose and fructans it was similar, while for the reducing sugars it was different. The regulatory role of chromosome 5A either in the development of freezing tolerance or carbohydrate accumulation was confirmed in dedifferentiated calli, as well.

PMID:
15002675
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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