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Cancer Res. 2004 Mar 1;64(5):1589-94.

PrLZ, a novel prostate-specific and androgen-responsive gene of the TPD52 family, amplified in chromosome 8q21.1 and overexpressed in human prostate cancer.

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  • 1Molecular Urology and Therapeutics, Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


We report a previously unrecognized prostate-specific protein, PrLZ (prostate leucine zipper), a new member of the Tumor Protein D52 (TPD52) family. The gene for PrLZ was localized at chromosome 8q21.1, a locus most frequently amplified in human prostate cancer. Multiple tissue analyses demonstrated PrLZ predominantly in the prostate gland. Although its expression was enhanced by androgens in androgen receptor-expressing cells, PrLZ was detected in all of the human prostate cancer cell lines, regardless of androgen receptor status. Monoclonal anti-PrLZ antibodies were produced and intense immunohistochemical staining of PrLZ was observed in prostate epithelial cells in intraepithelial neoplasia and prostate cancer, whereas lower-level staining was detected in normal and benign epithelial components of the prostate gland. As the only prostate-specific gene identified in the most frequently amplified genomic region in prostate cancer, PrLZ may be the link between chromosome 8q amplification and malignant transformation of the prostate epithelia.

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