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J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Mar 10;126(9):2885-93.

Amido-bridged Cu2N2 diamond cores that minimize structural reorganization and facilitate reversible redox behavior between a Cu1Cu1 and a class III delocalized Cu1.5Cu1.5 species.

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  • 1Contribution from the Laboratories of Chemical Synthesis, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.

Abstract

A novel Cu(2)N(2) diamond core structure supported by an [SNS](-) ligand (1) ([SNS](-) = bis(2-tert-butylsulfanylphenyl)amido) has been prepared. This dicopper system exhibits a fully reversible one-electron redox process between a reduced Cu(1)Cu(1) complex, [[SNS][Cu]](2) (2), and a class III delocalized Cu(1.5)Cu(1.5) state, [[[SNS][Cu]](2)][B(3,5-(CF(3))(2)C(6)H(3))(4)] (3). Structural snapshots of both redox forms have been obtained to reveal remarkably little overall structural reorganization. The Cu...Cu bond distance nonetheless undergoes an appreciable compression (approximately 0.13 A) upon oxidation, providing a Cu...Cu distance of 2.4724(4) A in the mixed-valence state that is virtually identical to the Cu...Cu distance observed in the reduced form of the Cu(A) site of thiolate-bridged cytochrome c oxidase. Despite the low structural reorganization evident between 2 and 3, the [SNS](-) ligand is quite flexible. For example, square-planar geometries can prevail for divalent copper ions supported by [SNS](-) as evident from the crystal structure of [SNS]CuCl (4). Physical characterization for the mixed valence complex 3 includes electrochemical, magnetic (SQUID), EPR, and optical data. The complex has also been examined by density functional methods. An attempt was made to measure the rate of electron self-exchange k(s) between the Cu(1)Cu(1) and the Cu(1.5)Cu(1.5) complexes 2 and 3 by NMR line-broadening analysis in dichloromethane solution. While the system is certainly in the fast-exchange regime, the exchange process is too fast to be accurately measured by this technique. The value for k(s) can be bracketed with a conservative lower boundary of > or =10(7) M(-1) s(-1), a value that appears to be larger than other low molecular weight copper model complexes for which similar data is available. The unusually large magnitude of k(s) likely reflects the minimal structural reorganization that accompanies Cu(1)Cu(1) <--> Cu(1.5)Cu(1.5) interchange.

PMID:
14995206
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