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Assessment. 2004 Mar;11(1):57-63.

Optimism, abstinence self-efficacy, and self-mastery: a comparative analysis of cognitive resources.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. Jmajer@depaul.edu

Abstract

The relationship between optimism, abstinence self-efficacy, and self-mastery was examined by investigating levels of these cognitive resources among two samples of recovering substance abusers: Oxford House residents who attended twelve-step groups and twelve-step members who had never lived in an Oxford House. Participants 'levels of optimism were significantly and positively related to both abstinence self-efficacy and self-mastery scores, as abstinence self-efficacy was significantly and positively related to participants' number of days abstinent. Participants who reported having more than 180 days abstinent reported significantly higher levels of abstinence self-efficacy than participants who reported having less than 180 days abstinent. In addition, among participants who reported having less than 180 days abstinent, Oxford House residents reported significantly higher levels of abstinence self-efficacy than twelve-step members. Overall, findings suggest that cognitive resources facilitate substance abusers' recovery and that the Oxford House model might provide high levels of support in their ongoing abstinence.

PMID:
14994954
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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