Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastroenterology. 2004 Mar;126(3):809-18.

IP-10-induced recruitment of CXCR3 host T cells is required for small bowel allograft rejection.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Division of Organ Transplantation, Northwesern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.



Chemokines mediate cell trafficking in inflammatory states such as allograft rejection. However, their role in small-bowel allograft rejection has not been defined. The aim of this study was to examine the roles of type 1 helper T-cell chemokines in small-bowel allograft rejection.


Mucosal histology, chemokine messenger RNA (real-time polymerase chain reaction), and cell isolates were examined in small-bowel allografts and isografts. Interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10/CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) 3 interactions were specifically evaluated by using allografts from interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10(-/-) donors and adoptive transfer of CXCR3(-/-) T cells into recombination activating gene (RAG)-1(-/-) recipients of small-bowel allografts.


Type 1 helper T-cell cytokine (interferon-gamma) and chemokine (interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10, monokine induced by interferon-gamma, macrophage-inflammatory protein-1 alpha, and regulated on activation, normal T cells expressed and secreted) messenger RNA up-regulation was detected (real-time polymerase chain reaction) by postoperative day 3 in small-bowel allografts. Interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10(+/+) small-bowel allograft rejection was associated with a dramatic (>7-fold) increase in CXCR3(+) host T cells in the graft lamina propria. With interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10(-/-) small-bowel allografts, CXCR3(+) host T-cell infiltration of the graft lamina propria was markedly decreased and rejection was significantly delayed. Whereas adoptive transfer of wild-type B6 (CXCR3(+/+)) T cells into B6 (RAG-1(-/-)) recipients induced rapid rejection of CB6F1 small-bowel allografts, rejection was significantly delayed (29.2 +/- 8.7 days vs. 16.5 +/- 3.1 days; P < 0.01) in B6 (RAG-1(-/-)) mice reconstituted with T cells from B6 (CXCR3(-/-)) mice.


Recruitment of CXCR3(+) host T cells by donor derived interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 may precipitate small-bowel allograft rejection. These data highlight the importance of type 1 helper T cell-related chemokines in promoting cell-mediated rejection responses in small-bowel allografts and suggest that interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 is an attractive therapeutic target for humanized monoclonal antibody strategies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk