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Thorax. 2004 Mar;59(3):259-64.

Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency. 2: genetic aspects of alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency: phenotypes and genetic modifiers of emphysema risk.

Author information

  • 1Channing Laboratory and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02446, USA. demeo@channing.harvard.edu

Abstract

The genetic aspects of AAT deficiency and the variable manifestations of lung disease in PI Z individuals are reviewed. The role of modifying genetic factors which may interact with environmental factors (such as cigarette smoking) is discussed, and directions for future research are presented.

PMID:
14985567
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1746953
Free PMC Article
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