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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Mar 19;315(4):1070-6.

Ski-interacting protein, a bifunctional nuclear receptor coregulator that interacts with N-CoR/SMRT and p300.

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  • 1Bone and Mineral Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Ski-interacting protein (SKIP), a vitamin D receptor (VDR) coactivator, also functions as a repressor in Notch signalling in association with the corepressor SMRT. Here we show that SKIP bifunctionally modulates (activates or represses) Retinoid-X receptor (RXR)- and VDR-dependent gene transcription in a cell line-specific manner, with activation in CV-1 and repression in P19 cells. The coactivator function of SKIP in these cells appeared to correlate with the relative level and ratio of expression of N-CoR and p300, with greater SKIP activation in higher p300-expressing and lower N-CoR-expressing cell-lines. C-terminal deletion of SKIP (delta334-536 aa) was associated with strong activation in both CV-1 and P19 cells. The corepressors N-CoR and SMRT and the coregulator p300 interacted with SKIP through the same N-terminal region (1-200 aa). Overall these results suggest that transcriptional action of SKIP may depend on distinct functional domains and cell line-specific interactions with both corepressors and coactivators.

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