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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Mar 19;315(4):1033-8.

Bone morphogenetic protein receptor-II mutation Arg491Trp causes malignant phenotype of familial primary pulmonary hypertension.

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  • 1Department of Cardiololgy, Fu Wai Heart Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, No.167 Beilishilu, Beijing 100037, China.


A four-generation pedigree of familial primary pulmonary hypertension (FPPH) with 14 alive members was collected. In the family, three of the 14 alive familial members were diagnosed as FPPH. Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor-II (BMPR-II) gene were screened by using sequencing analysis. A C-to-T transition at position 1471 in exon 11 of the BMPR-II gene was identified, resulting in an Arg491Trp mutation. We confirmed segregation of the mutation within the family and excluded the presence of the mutations in a panel of 240 chromosomes from normal individuals. No mutations were found in BMPR-II gene in other 10 patients with sporadic primary pulmonary hypertension. The Arg491Trp mutation is located in the kinase domain and predicted to disturb the kinase activity of BMPR-II. Total 7 familial members died at age 8-45 years with various symptoms, indicating other genetic or environmental modifiers involved in the modification of the clinical phenotype.

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