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Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2003 Dec;49(8):1199-204.

Recurrent pneumonia mortality risk in a HIV/AIDS Puerto Rican cohort.

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  • 1Retrovirus Research Center, Universidad Central del Caribe, School of Medicine, Bayamón, Puerto Rico, USA.


Recurrent pneumonia (RP) within 12 months is one of the AIDS diagnosis criteria. To gain knowledge of RP infection in HIV-infected patients, we studied 145 RP cases detected in a cohort of 2,996 HIV patients in Puerto Rico between Jan. 1992-Dec. 2001. The RP prevalence was 4.8%; 77.2% were males and 62.1% were injecting drug users (IDU). At the time of RP diagnosis, the mean CD4+ T cell count was 93.8 cells/mm3, 59.3% were in antiretroviral treatment, 13% had received the pneumococcal vaccine and 84.8% had another AIDS related condition. Over 37% received two or more antiretroviral medications. The death rate in the first year after the RP diagnosis was 63.4%. A Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that CD4+ T cells <200/mm3 (p<0.05), history of toxoplasmosis (p<0.01), wasting syndrome (p<0.01), esophageal candidiasis (p<0.05) and lower number of antiretroviral medications (p<0.05) increased their mortality risk. The studied patients had a highly compromised immune system and a very low pneumococcal vaccination percent at the time of RP diagnosis. Low CD4+ T cells significantly increased the hazard and mortality risk of the cases studied. Antecedents of antiretroviral therapy in these patients ensure a better outcome with lower mortality. Efforts to increase the vaccination rate should reduce the RP incidence in our HIV-infected population.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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