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Oncogene. 2004 Mar 11;23(10):1874-84.

Apoptosis signaling by the novel compound 3-Cl-AHPC involves increased EGFR proteolysis and accompanying decreased phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and AKT kinase activities.

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  • 1John D Dingell VA Medical Center, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


The threonine and serine protein kinase AKT plays a major role in inhibiting apoptosis in a number of malignant cell types including prostate and breast carcinoma. Activation of AKT is a complex process involving translocation to the plasma membrane and phosphorylation of serine and threonine amino-acid residues. We now report that the novel compound 4-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-3-chlorocinnamic acid (3-Cl-AHPC), induces apoptosis in breast and prostate carcinoma cells and inhibits AKT activity in these cells. Overexpression of a constitutively activated AKT inhibits 3-Cl-AHPC-mediated apoptosis. Decrease in AKT activity occurs through 3-Cl-AHPC inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3-K) activity. 3-Cl-AHPC inhibits PI3-K activity by enhancing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) proteolysis and thus inhibiting EGFR association with the p85 subunit of PI3-K. 3-Cl-AHPC-mediated decrease in PI3-K activity results in the reduced synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 3,4 bisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 triphosphate with the subsequent inhibition of integrin-linked kinase activity and serine-473 phosphorylation of AKT. Overexpression of EGFR results in increased AKT activity and inhibition of 3-Cl-AHPC-mediated decrease in AKT activation, AKT activity and 3-Cl-AHPC-mediated apoptosis. Inhibition of AKT activity by this compound results in the inability of AKT to phosphorylate and inactivate the proapoptotic forkhead transcription factor.

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