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Psychol Bull. 2004 Mar;130(2):179-205.

A biopsychosocial model of disordered eating and the pursuit of muscularity in adolescent boys.

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  • 1School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia.


This review provides an evaluation of the correlates and/or risk factors associated with disordered eating and the pursuit of muscularity among adolescent boys. One of the main conclusions is that similar factors and processes are associated with both behavioral problems. Several factors found to be consistently associated with disordered eating among boys are also similar to those found with girls. These include body mass index, negative affect, self-esteem, perfectionism, drug use, perceived pressure to lose weight from parents and peers, and participation in sports that focus on leanness. However, as many of the findings have only been verified using cross-sectional designs, prospective studies are now needed.

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