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J Immunol. 2004 Mar 1;172(5):2853-60.

Depletion of CXCR2 inhibits tumor growth and angiogenesis in a murine model of lung cancer.

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  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.


The Glu-Leu-Arg(+) (ELR(+)) CXC chemokines are potent promoters of angiogenesis and have been demonstrated to induce a significant portion of nonsmall cell lung cancer-derived angiogenic activity and support tumorigenesis. ELR(+) CXC chemokines share a common chemokine receptor, CXCR2. We hypothesized that CXCR2 mediates the proangiogenic effects of ELR(+) CXC chemokines during tumorigenesis. To test this postulate, we used syngeneic murine Lewis lung cancer (LLC; 3LL, H-2(b)) heterotopic and orthotopic tumor model systems in C57BL/6 mice replete (CXCR2(+/+)) and deficient in CXCR2 (CXCR2(-/-)). We first demonstrated a correlation of the expression of endogenous ELR(+) CXC chemokines with tumor growth and metastatic potential of LLC tumors. Next, we found that LLC primary tumors were significantly reduced in growth in CXCR2(-/-) mice. Moreover, we found a marked reduction in the spontaneous metastases of heterotopic tumors to the lungs of CXCR2(-/-) mice. Morphometric analysis of the primary tumors in CXCR2(-/-) mice demonstrated increased necrosis and reduced vascular density. These findings were further confirmed in CXCR2(+/+) mice using specific neutralizing Abs to CXCR2. The results of these studies support the notion that CXCR2 mediates the angiogenic activity of ELR(+) CXC chemokines in a preclinical model of lung cancer.

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