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J Infect Dis. 2004 Mar 1;189(5):909-18. Epub 2004 Feb 17.

Frequency of interferon- gamma -producing T cells specific for Trypanosoma cruzi inversely correlates with disease severity in chronic human Chagas disease.

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  • 1Instituto Nacional de Parasitologia "Dr. Mario Fatala Chaben," Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

This study sought to quantify CD8(+) T cell responses to Trypanosoma cruzi and to identify potential links between these responses and the severity of disease in humans. In the majority of patients with Chagas disease, staining with class I major histocompatibility complex tetramers and analysis of interferon (IFN)- gamma ELISPOT responses to a panel of known cytotoxic T lymphocyte target epitopes from T. cruzi failed to identify parasite-specific CD8(+) T cells. However, the frequency of individuals with positive ELISPOT responses was higher in areas of active transmission. Analysis of IFN- gamma ELISPOT responses to a parasite lysate revealed a very high frequency of responders among patients with mild clinical disease and a very low frequency of responders among those with the most severe form of the disease. These data suggest that the frequency of IFN- gamma -producing T cells in patients with chronic Chagas disease is associated with the history of recent exposure and with the clinical status of the patient.

PMID:
14976609
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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