Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Mar 2;101(9):3253-7. Epub 2004 Feb 18.

Reduced inflammatory hyperalgesia with preservation of acute thermal nociception in mice lacking cGMP-dependent protein kinase I.

Author information

  • 1pharmazentrum frankfurt, Klinikum der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.


cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (PKG-I) has been suggested to contribute to the facilitation of nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord presumably by acting as a downstream target of nitric oxide. However, PKG-I activators caused conflicting effects on nociceptive behavior. In the present study we used PKG-I(-/-) mice to further assess the role of PKG-I in nociception. PKG-I deficiency was associated with reduced nociceptive behavior in the formalin assay and zymosan-induced paw inflammation. However, acute thermal nociception in the hot-plate test was unaltered. After spinal delivery of the PKG inhibitor, Rp-8-Br-cGMPS, nociceptive behavior of PKG-I(+/+) mice was indistinguishable from that of PKG-I(-/-) mice. On the other hand, the PKG activator, 8-Br-cGMP (250 nmol intrathecally) caused mechanical allodynia only in PKG-I(+/+) mice, indicating that the presence of PKG-I was essential for this effect. Immunofluorescence studies of the spinal cord revealed additional morphological differences. In the dorsal horn of 3- to 4-week-old PKG-I(-/-) mice laminae I-III were smaller and contained fewer neurons than controls. Furthermore, the density of substance P-positive neurons and fibers was significantly reduced. The paucity of substance P in laminae I-III may contribute to the reduction of nociception in PKG-I(-/-) mice and suggests a role of PKG-I in substance P synthesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk