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Am J Surg Pathol. 1992 Aug;16(8):785-92.

Epithelioid and spindle-cell hemangioendothelioma of the spleen. Report of a distinctive splenic vascular neoplasm of childhood.

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  • 1Arkadi M. Rywlin Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL 33140.


A case of a distinctive vascular neoplasm of the spleen in a 3-year-old boy is described. The tumor was characterized histologically by a biphasic growth pattern, with discrete nodular areas composed of atypical round, epithelioid cells with large nuclei and prominent nucleoli, and areas showing an intricate proliferation of vascular channels lined by elongated spindle cells. Immunohistochemical studies showed cytoplasmic staining of the tumor cells with factor VIII-related antigen, Ulex europaeus lectin, and vimentin antibodies. Stains for keratin, actin, desmin, lysozyme, and S-100 protein were negative in the tumor cells. Electron microscopy revealed a fairly cohesive population of cells that contained mature and immature cell junctions, basal lamina material, and surface pinocytotic activity consistent with vascular endothelial cells. Five-year follow-up has shown the patient to be alive and free of disease. This case appears to represent a previously unreported primary vascular neoplasm of the spleen showing combined features of epithelioid and spindle-cell hemangioendothelioma. The lesion should be distinguished from other benign and malignant vascular proliferations of the spleen such as Kaposi's sarcoma, angiosarcoma, and the recently described littoral-cell angioma.

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