Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
RNA. 2004 Mar;10(3):516-27.

Biostable aptamers with antagonistic properties to the neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ.

Author information

  • 1NOXXON Pharma AG, 10589 Berlin, Germany.


The neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), the endogenous ligand of the opioid receptor-like 1 (ORL1) receptor, has been shown to play a prominent role in the regulation of several biological functions such as pain and stress. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of N/OFQ binding biostable RNA aptamers (Spiegelmers) using a mirror-image in vitro selection approach. Spiegelmers are L-enantiomeric oligonucleotide ligands that display high affinity and specificity to their targets and high resistance to enzymatic degradation compared to D-oligonucleotides. A representative Spiegelmer from the selections performed was size-minimized to two distinct sequences capable of high affinity binding to N/OFQ. The Spiegelmers were shown to antagonize binding of N/OFQ to the ORL1 receptor in a binding-competition assay. The calculated IC(50) values for the Spiegelmers NOX 2149 and NOX 2137a/b were 110 nM and 330 nM, respectively. The competitive antagonistic properties of these Spiegelmers were further demonstrated by their effective and specific inhibition of G-protein activation in two additional models. The Spiegelmers antagonized the N/OFQ-induced GTPgammaS incorporation into cell membranes of a CHO-K1 cell line expressing the human ORL1 receptor. In oocytes from Xenopus laevis, NOX 2149 showed an antagonistic effect to the N/OFQ-ORL 1 receptor system that was functionally coupled with G-protein-regulated inwardly rectifying K(+) channels.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk