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Mol Psychiatry. 2004 Feb;9(2):161-8.

Genome-wide scan for loci of Asperger syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Biomedicum, PO Box 104, 00251 Helsinki, Finland. irma.jarvela@hus.fi

Abstract

Asperger syndrome (AS), characterised by inadequate social interaction, lack of empathy and a dependence of routines and rituals, is classified as belonging to the autism spectrum disorders (DSM-IV and ICD-10). Although the prevalence of AS has been estimated to range from 0.3 up to 48.4 per 10 000, the phenotype still remains relatively unrecognised by clinicians. Several reports, including the original description by Hans Asperger (1944), have suggested that AS has a strong genetic component. Here, we have performed a genome-wide scan on Finnish families ascertained for AS with a strictly defined phenotype. In the initial scan, Z(max)>1.5 was observed on nine chromosomal regions, 1q21-22, 3p14-24, 3q25-27, 4p14, 4q32, 6p25, 6q16, 13q31-33 and 18p11. In the fine mapping stage, the highest two-point LOD scores were observed on chromosomes 1q21-22 (D1S484, Z(max dom)=3.58), 3p14-24 (D3S2432, Z(max dom)=2.50) and 13q31-33 (D13S793, Z(max dom)=1.59). The loci on 1q21-22 and 3p14-24 overlap with previously published autism susceptibility loci, and the loci on 1q21-22 and 13q31-33 overlap with the reported schizophrenia susceptibility loci. The present study is the first genome-wide screen in AS and therefore replication data sets are needed to evaluate further the significance of the AS-loci identified here.

PMID:
14966474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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