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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Mar;24(5):1836-43.

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase regulates the subcellular localization of Snf1-Sip1 protein kinase.

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  • 1Department of Genetics and Development, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.


The Snf1/AMP-activated protein kinase family has diverse roles in cellular responses to metabolic stress. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Snf1 protein kinase has three isoforms of the beta subunit that confer versatility on the kinase and that exhibit distinct patterns of subcellular localization. The Sip1 beta subunit resides in the cytosol in glucose-grown cells and relocalizes to the vacuolar membrane in response to carbon stress. We show that translation of Sip1 initiates at the second ATG of the open reading frame, yielding a potential site for N myristoylation, and that mutation of the critical glycine abolishes relocalization. We further show that the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A [PKA]) pathway maintains the cytoplasmic localization of Sip1 in glucose-grown cells. The Snf1 catalytic subunit also exhibits aberrant localization to the vacuolar membrane in PKA-deficient cells, indicating that PKA regulates the localization of Snf1-Sip1 protein kinase. These findings establish a novel mechanism of regulation of Snf1 protein kinase by the PKA pathway.

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