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Stroke. 2004 Mar;35(3):727-30. Epub 2004 Feb 12.

Serial urinary 11-dehydrothromboxane B2, aspirin dose, and vascular events in blacks after recent cerebral infarction.

Author information

  • 1Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA. abruno@iupui.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Incomplete platelet inhibition by aspirin (aspirin resistance) may be a reason for stroke recurrence in some patients. 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-DTB2) is a stable thromboxane A2 metabolite that reflects in vivo platelet activation. This pilot study was intended to evaluate the reproducibility of urinary 11-DTB2 over time and to look for evidence of aspirin resistance.

METHODS:

All subjects were screened for the African American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study (AAASPS) 7 to 90 days after noncardioembolic cerebral infarction. Of 83 subjects with at least 1 urine sample, 52 were enrolled in AAASPS (randomized to blinded treatment with aspirin 650 mg/d or ticlopidine 500 mg/d), and 31 were enrolled in an open-label antiplatelet therapy cohort. Subjects were followed up for 2 years, with 11-DTB2 measurements scheduled at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months. Vascular events were cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction, or vascular death.

RESULTS:

Despite considerable individual up or down fluctuations, the median 11-DTB2 change did not significantly differ from zero in any of the subgroups. However, in 6 subjects with a 4-fold decrease in aspirin dose from 1300 to 325 or 81 mg/d, the 11-DTB2 level increased from 611 to 1881 pg/mg creatinine (P=0.06). Vascular events occurred in 7 of 61 aspirin-treated subjects, and 11-DTB2 levels did not correlate with the events.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fluctuations in urinary 11-DTB2 after cerebral infarction in blacks do not correlate with changes in aspirin doses, except perhaps when the dose changes by a factor of 4 or more. A larger study is needed to look further for aspirin resistance.

PMID:
14963281
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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