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Oncogene. 2004 Feb 12;23(6):1283-90.

p53 disruption profoundly alters the response of human glioblastoma cells to DNA topoisomerase I inhibition.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine, 13-317 Center for the Health Science, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1732, USA.

Abstract

A critical challenge in cancer research is to identify genetic lesions that sensitize patients to chemotherapy. p53, which is mutated in nearly one-third to half of glioblastomas, may be such a lesion. In this paper, we demonstrate that p53 disruption dramatically sensitizes glioblastoma cells to DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor-mediated apoptosis. Using 19 glioblastoma cell lines, including 15 low-passage ex vivo cell lines derived from patients, as well as isogenic glioblastoma cells varying in p53 status, we show that clinically relevant levels of SN-38 potently induce cell cycle arrest and temporary senescence in glioblastoma cells with wild-type p53 while causing massive apoptosis in p53-deficient cells (P<0.0002). We demonstrate that glioblastoma cells with wild-type p53 proliferate when recultured in drug-free medium, whereas p53-deficient cells do not. We also show that p16 protein expression is neither necessary nor sufficient for initiation and/or maintenance of SN-38-induced arrest/senescence. These results indicate that p53 disruption has a dramatic effect on how glioblastoma cells process topoisomerase I inhibitor-mediated DNA damage.

PMID:
14961077
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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