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Gut. 2004 Mar;53(3):381-6.

Duodenal adenomatosis in familial adenomatous polyposis.

Author information

  • 1The Danish Polyposis Register, Hvidovre University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. sbulow@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of duodenal carcinoma is much higher in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) than in the background population, and duodenal adenomatosis is found in most polyposis patients.

AIMS:

To describe the long term natural history of duodenal adenomatosis in FAP and evaluate if cancer prophylactic surveillance of the duodenum is indicated.

METHODS:

A prospective five nation study was carried out in the Nordic countries and the Netherlands.

PATIENTS:

A total of 368 patients were examined by gastroduodenoscopy at two year intervals during the period 1990-2001.

RESULTS:

At the first endoscopy, 238 (65%) patients had duodenal adenomas at a median age of 38 years. Median follow up was 7.6 years. The cumulative incidence of adenomatosis at age 70 years was 90% (95% confidence interval (CI) 79-100%), and of Spigelman stage IV 52% (95% CI 28-76%). The probability of an advanced Spigelman score increased during the study period (p<0.0001) due to an increasing number and size of adenomas. Two patients had asymptomatic duodenal carcinoma at their first endoscopy while four developed carcinoma during the study at a median age of 52 years (range 26-58). The cumulative incidence rate of cancer was 4.5% at age 57 years (95% CI 0.1-8.9%) and the risk was higher in patients with Spigelman stage IV at their first endoscopy than in those with stages 0-III (p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The natural course of duodenal adenomatosis has now been described in detail. The high incidence and increasing severity of duodenal adenomatosis with age justifies prophylactic examination, and a programme is presented for upper gastrointestinal endoscopic surveillance.

PMID:
14960520
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1773976
Free PMC Article
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