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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Aug 1;89(15):6861-5.

Tissue- and site-specific DNA recombination in transgenic mice.

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  • 1Biomedical Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


We have developed a method of specifically modifying the mammalian genome in vivo. This procedure comprises heritable tissue-specific and site-specific DNA recombination as a function of recombinase expression in transgenic mice. Transgenes encoding the bacteriophage P1 Cre recombinase and the loxP-flanked beta-galactosidase gene were used to generate transgenic mice. Genomic DNA from doubly transgenic mice exhibited tissue-specific DNA recombination as a result of Cre expression. Further characterization revealed that this process was highly efficient at distinct chromosomal integration sites. These studies also imply that Cre-mediated recombination provides a heritable marker for mitoses following the loss of Cre expression. This transgene-recombination system permits unique approaches to in vivo studies of gene function within experimentally defined spatial and temporal boundaries.

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