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Mol Immunol. 1992 Sep;29(9):1031-42.

Molecular characterization of the human immunoglobulin V lambda I germline gene repertoire.

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  • 1Department of Anaesthesia, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


To advance our understanding of the human immunoglobulin V lambda germline gene contribution to normal as well as autoimmune responses, we have isolated and sequenced six germline genes of the V lambda I subgroup. These genes can be divided into three sub-subgroups on the basis of greater than or equal to 93% nucleotide sequence homology and greater than or equal to 88% deduced amino acid sequence similarity. Examination of all cDNA and protein sequences available for expressed V lambda I genes supports the assignment of these three sub-subgroups. Sequence comparisons also suggest that germline gene members of two of these sub-subgroups, I-a and I-b, are preferentially utilized in the expressed V lambda I repertoire. This finding may be at least partially attributable to regulatory sequence abnormalities apparent in two of the other V lambda I germline genes (Humlv101 and Humlv104) which may interfere with their expression.

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