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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Aug;146(2):358-63.

Bronchodilation with a potent and selective leukotriene D4 (LTD4) receptor antagonist (MK-571) in patients with asthma.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Abstract

The sulfidopeptide leukotrienes LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4 can cause airway smooth muscle contraction and have been implicated in the pathophysiology of asthma. MK-571 is a selective, potent LTD4 receptor antagonist that could attenuate airway obstruction in asthma by inhibiting the actions of sulfidopeptides at the LTD4 receptor site. The objectives of this study were to investigate the potential for MK-571 to cause bronchodilation in asthma patients with existing airway obstruction and to evaluate its effect on the bronchodilation response to an inhaled beta 2-agonist (albuterol). Twelve male patients (ages 19 to 42 yr) with asthma (baseline FEV1 50 to 80% predicted) participated in this placebo-controlled, randomized, two-period, cross-over study. On separate treatment days, each patient received either MK-571 or placebo intravenously for 6 h; inhaled albuterol was administered at the fifth and sixth hour of MK-571/placebo treatment to achieve maximal bronchodilation on that study day. Spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 s, FEV1) was monitored at intervals throughout each study period. MK-571 caused clinically significant bronchodilation; the increase in FEV1 above baseline, 20 min after the start of the MK-571 infusion, was 22 +/- 3.9% compared with 1.3 +/- 2.3% for placebo (mean +/- SE, p < 0.01). This degree of bronchodilation was maintained throughout the MK-571 infusion. In addition, bronchodilation from inhaled albuterol appeared additive with MK-571. Finally, baseline airway obstruction correlated with the degree of bronchodilation achieved with MK-571 (r = -0.73; p = 0.007).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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