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Tree Physiol. 1996 Jan-Feb;16(1_2):281-286.

Effects of branch length on carbon isotope discrimination in Pinus radiata.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Abstract

Gas exchange was measured on a pruned Pinus radiata D. Don hedge and on a long-branch P. radiata tree near Hamilton, New Zealand, in spring 1993 when soil water content was close to field capacity. Foliage at the end of long branches (9.0 m) showed a marked drop in net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance as the saturation deficit increased, whereas foliage on short branches (0.5 m) showed little change. Mean foliage delta(13)C was -30.1 per thousand for short branches and -26.3 per thousand for long branches. Foliage delta(13)C was correlated with branch length in two genetically improved P. radiata seedlots at four stocking densities. The multinodal seedlot had shorter branches and more (13)C-depleted foliage compared with branches and foliage from the long internode seedlot. There was a strong effect of stocking density on carbon isotope composition in both seedlots. We conclude that branch morphology affects foliage gas exchange properties and foliage carbon isotope composition.

PMID:
14871773
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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