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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 Feb 15;1608(2-3):104-13.

Two separate pathways for d-lactate oxidation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria which differ in energy production and carrier involvement.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Scienze Animali, Vegetali e dell'Ambiente, Universit√† del Molise, Via De Sanctis, -86100 Campobasso, Italy.


In this work we looked at whether and how mitochondria isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SCM) oxidize d-lactate. We found that: (1). externally added d-lactate causes oxygen uptake by SCM with P/O ratio equal to 1.5; in the presence of antimycin A (AA), P/O ratio was 1.8, differently in the presence of the non-penetrant alpha-cyanocinnamate (alpha-CCN-) no P/O ratio could be measured. Consistently, mitochondrial electrical membrane potential (deltapsi) generation was found, due to externally added d-lactate in the presence of antimycin A, but not of alpha-CCN-. (2). SCM oxidize d-lactate in two different manners: (i). via inner membrane d-lactate dehydrogenase which leads to d-lactate oxidation without driving deltapsi generation and ATP synthesis and (ii). via the matrix d-lactate dehydrogenase, which drives deltapsi generation and ATP synthesis by using taken up d-lactate. (3). Pyruvate newly synthesised in the mitochondrial matrix is exported via the novel d-lactate/pyruvate antiporter. d-Lactate/pyruvate antiport proved to regulate the rate of pyruvate efflux in vitro. (4). The existence of the d-lactate/H+ symporter is also proposed as shown by mitochondrial swelling. The d-lactate carriers and d-lactate dehydrogenases could account for the removal of the toxic methylglyoxal from cytosol, as well as for the d-lactate-dependent gluconeogenesis.

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