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Lupus. 2004;13(1):24-31.

Expression and activity analyses of CTLA4 in peripheral blood lymphocytes in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


The objective of this study was to determine the expression and activity of CTLA4 in T-cells of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Expression of CTLA4 on freshly isolated peripheral blood T-cells was evaluated in 33 SLE patients and 25 controls using flow cytometry. The T-cells from 19 SLE patients and 22 controls were stimulated and cultured with Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing CD80 (CHO-CD80) or with CHO cells. T-cell proliferation was determined with [3H] thymidine incorporation (CPM), and the inhibitory effect of CTLA4 on T-cell proliferation was evaluated by the ratio of CPM for T-cells with CHO-CD80 cells to that of T-cells with CHO cells (the CHO-CD80/CHO ratio). Intracellular CTLA4 expression in freshly isolated peripheral blood T-cells was significantly higher in SLE patients than the controls (P < 0.05), but there was no correlation with clinical features or disease activity. The CHO-CD80/CHO ratio of SLE patients was significantly higher than that of the controls (P < 0.05). Among SLE patients, the CHO-CD80/CHO ratio of patients with lupus nephritis was significantly higher than that of patients without lupus nephritis (P < 0.05). In conclusion, our data suggest that CTLA4 expression is not impaired in SLE patients, but there is a possibility of decreased inhibitory effect of CTLA4 involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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