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J Pediatr Surg. 1992 Nov;27(11):1418-21.

Surgery for achalasia of the cardia in children: the Dor-Gavriliu procedure.

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  • 1Department of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgery, Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL.


The Dor-Gavriliu procedure was utilized in six children with achalasia of the cardia from 1983 to 1991. Four boys and two girls (mean age, 10.1 years; range, 3 months to 16 years) presented with symptoms of weight loss (83%), emesis (83%), dysphagia (67%), recurrent respiratory infections (67%), and nocturnal regurgitation (33%). The diagnosis of achalasia was established by barium swallow in all patients; esophageal manometry was used in four patients to confirm the diagnosis. Follow-up ranged from 10 months to 8 years (mean, 3.5 years). Four neurologically normal patients had excellent results with complete resolution of their preoperative symptoms. Two neurologically impaired children, both afflicted with Down's syndrome, had less than excellent results. One moderately impaired child had a good result (required three postoperative bougie dilations over 8 years without demonstration of gastroesophageal reflux); the second, more severely impaired child, had only a fair result (persistent failure to thrive with the development of grade II gastroesophageal reflux). The Dor-Gavriliu procedure uses a transabdominal, anterior esophageal myotomy with incorporation of an effective, nonobstructing, antireflux mechanism that should prevent myotomy reapposition.

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