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Biochimie. 1992 Nov;74(11):1025-30.

Yeast 5S rRNA binding to ribosomal protein L1a alters the fluorescence of tryptophan residues lying outside the binding site.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7760.


The yeast ribosomal protein L1a contains two tryptophan residues located at positions 95 and 183. Spectrofluorometric analysis showed that the average tryptophan environment is moderately polar. Quenching studies of the yeast 5S rRNA-L1a protein complex (RNP) with acrylamide and iodide revealed tryptophan heterogeneity. The two tryptophan residues are located in the non-RNA-binding region of the L1a molecule. However, dissociation of the yeast 5S rRNA-L1a protein RNP complex to its components resulted in a decline of tryptophan fluorescence. The observation implied that the environment of the tryptophan-containing L1a regions which were not known to be involved in RNA binding was influenced by association with the 5S rRNA molecule.

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