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Med Sci (Paris). 2004 Jan;20(1):84-8.

[MAGUKs: beyond ionic channel anchoring].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Inserm U. 460, bâtiment 13, CHU Xavier Bichat-Claude Bernard, 46, rue Henri Huchard, 75877 Paris 18, France.

Abstract

A family of anchoring proteins named MAGUK (for membrane associated guanylate kinase) has emerged as a key element in the organization of protein complexes in specialized membrane regions. These proteins are characterized by the presence of multipe protein-protein interaction domains including PDZ and SH3 domains. The MAGUK family comprises the post-synaptic density 95 (PSD-95) protein and closely related molecules such as chapsyn-110, synapse-associated protein 102 (SAP-102), and SAP-97. These are located either on the pre- and/or post-synaptic sides of synapses or at cell-cell adhesion sites of epithelial cells. MAGUK proteins interact with glutamate receptors and various ionic channels. For instance, an interaction has been reported between the first two PDZ domains of MAGUK proteins and several channels via a consensus sequence Thr/Ser-X-Val/Leu usually located at their carboxy terminus. The role of these anchoring proteins in channel function is not fully understood. MAGUK proteins enhance the current density by increasing the number of functional channels to the sarcolemma. They can also facilitate signaling between channels and several enzymes or G protein-dependent signaling pathways. In the heart also, MAGUK proteins are abundantly expressed and they interact with various channels including Shaker Kv1.5 and connexins.

PMID:
14770369
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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