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J Gen Virol. 2004 Feb;85(Pt 2):349-53.

Peptide transport activity of the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) is inhibited by an early protein of equine herpesvirus-1.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, NE 68583-0905, USA.


Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) downregulates surface expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules on infected cells. The objective of this study was to investigate whether EHV-1 interferes with peptide translocation by the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) and to identify the proteins responsible. Using an in vitro transport assay, we showed that EHV-1 inhibited transport of peptides by TAP as early as 2 h post-infection (p.i). Complete shutdown of peptide transport was observed by 8 h p.i. Furthermore, pulse-chase experiments revealed that maturation of class I molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) was delayed in EHV-1-infected cells, which may be due to reduced availability of peptides in the ER as a result of TAP inhibition. Metabolic inhibition studies indicated that an early protein(s) of EHV-1 is responsible for this effect.

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