Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Front Biosci. 2004 Jan 1;9:32-9.

Complex regulatory interactions control CRH gene expression.

Author information

  • 1Mothers and Babies Research Centre, Hunter Medical Research Institute, University of Newcastle, NSW 2310, Australia. Rick.Nicholson@hunter.health.nsw.gov.au

Abstract

Glucocorticoids inhibit corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) production in the hypothalamus but stimulate production from the placenta. To identify key elements regulating the CRH gene, mouse pituitary tumor-derived cells (AtT20 cells) were used as a hypothalamic model in an analysis of the CRH promoter. Two cAMP responsive elements were identified: (I) a consensus cAMP response element (CRE) and (II) a previously unrecognized caudal-type homeobox response element (CDXRE). Glucocorticoids inhibit only the component of cAMP-stimulation occurring via the CRE through an action involving a negative glucocorticoid response element (nGRE). We also identified two regions that, in the absence of the nGRE, can be stimulated by glucocorticoids: (I) the CRE and (II) a region between -213 to -99bps. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays identified binding of the transcription factors CREB and Fos at the CRE in AtT20 cells, whereas CREB and cJun were detected in placental cells. In addition, a novel CRE-binding transcription factor has been identified that is expressed in the brain and in placenta. A model is presented whereby CRH gene regulation is mediated via tissue specific expression of transcription factors.

PMID:
14766341
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Frontiers in Bioscience
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk