Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Microbiol. 2004 Mar;6(3):235-42.

Characterization of flagellin expression and its role in Listeria monocytogenes infection and immunity.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357650, H564, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Abstract

Flagellin is the structural component of flagella produced by many pathogenic bacteria and is a potent proinflammatory molecule that mediates these effects through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 5. In Listeria monocytogenes (LM), flagellin expression is regulated by temperature and has been described as being shut off at 37 degrees C. In this study, we demonstrate that TLR5-mediated cell activation and flagellin expression is maintained at 37 degrees C in some laboratory-adapted strains and in approximately 20% of LM clinical isolates. To determine the role of flagellin in LM infection, a targeted mutation in the structural gene for flagellin (flaA) was generated in a parental LM strain that expressed flagellin under all conditions examined. In vitro studies demonstrated that this deltaflaA mutant was (i). non-motile; (ii). not able to activate TLR5-transfected HeLa cells; and (iii). induced tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production in approximately 50% fewer CD11b+ cells in splenocytes from normal mice compared with the parental strain. However, there was no significant alteration in virulence of the deltaflaA mutant after either intravenous or oral murine infection. Similarly, there was no difference in the generation of LM-specific CD8 or CD4 T cells after intravenous or oral infection. These data indicate that flagellin is not essential for LM pathogenesis or for the induction of LM-specific adaptive immune responses in normal mice.

PMID:
14764107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing Icon for Faculty of 1000
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk