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Adv Perit Dial. 2003;19:212-6.

Body composition evaluation in peritoneal dialysis patients using anthropometric formulas estimating body water.

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  • 1Renal Section, New Mexico Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.


In adult patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), estimates of body water (V), fat-free mass (FFM), and body fat (BF) can be obtained by using anthropometric formulas for estimating V. Estimates of V, FFM, and BF can also be obtained by using reference (standard) methods in which V is evaluated by a standard dilution method. To test whether the estimates obtained by the various methods agree, we analyzed published studies that measured V by a standard method in adult PD patients. We then calculated V, FFM, and BF by the Watson, Hume, Sahlgrenska, Chumlea, Lee, and Chertow formulas for the "average subject" in the published studies. We compared the standard and the anthropometric estimates using the limits-of-agreement method of Bland and Altman. Our analysis included six studies involving a total of 262 patients (89 women, 173 men). The six studies measured V by a reference method and allowed calculation of anthropometric V, FFM, and BF for the average patient. We calculated these values: VStandard, 36.8 +/- 4.7 L; VSahlgrenska, 36.9 +/- 4.3 L [p = nonsignificant (NS); Bland-Altman limits of agreement: -3.1 L to 3.3 L]; FFMStandard 50.9 +/- 5.2 kg; FFMSahlgrenska, 50.6 +/- 4.3 kg (Bland-Altman limits of agreement: -5.4 kg to 4.8 kg); BFStandard, 20.3 +/- 3.0 kg; BFSahlgrenska, 20.6 +/- 2.3 kg (Bland-Altman limits of agreement: -4.8 kg to 5.4 kg). Results obtained using the Watson, Hume, Chumlea, and Lee formulas also agreed with the standard estimates. The Chertow formula produced results that systematically overestimated the standard V and FFM values and that underestimated the standard BF. The Watson, Hume, Sahlgrenska, Chumlea, and Lee anthropometric formulas used to calculate V provide estimates of body composition that approximate those obtained using standard methods in PD patients with average body composition. Anthropometric estimates may cause large systematic errors in PD patients whose body composition varies from the average, particularly obese or overhydrated patients.

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