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Am J Public Health. 2004 Feb;94(2):279-85.

Effects of childhood socioeconomic circumstances on persistent smoking.

Author information

  • 1The Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London, England. b.jefferis@ich.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We investigated whether socioeconomic circumstances at different life stages influence persistent smoking.

METHODS:

We followed a British birth cohort (all births between March 3 and 9, 1958) for 41 years to examine the influence of childhood and adulthood socioeconomic position on persistent smoking in adulthood (n = 6541).

RESULTS:

Persistent smoking (19% of participants, n = 1216) showed strong social gradients with both childhood and adulthood socioeconomic measures. Among men, the association with childhood socioeconomic circumstances was no longer significant after we adjusted for adulthood socioeconomic circumstances; however, among women, the adjusted odds of persistent smoking increased by 8% for each unit increase across a 16-point childhood score.

CONCLUSIONS:

Childhood socioeconomic circumstances predicted persistent smoking among women in our cohort, a finding that highlights the importance of influences on the development of persistent smoking across the life course.

PMID:
14759943
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1448244
Free PMC Article
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