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J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Feb 11;52(3):485-92.

Comparative study on pressure and temperature stability of 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid in model systems and in food products.

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  • 1Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Department of Food and Microbial Technology, Laboratory of Food Technology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.


A comparative study on the pressure and temperature stability of 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid (5-CH(3)-H(4)folate) was performed in model/buffer systems and food products (i.e., orange juice, kiwi puree, carrot juice, and asparagus). Effects of pH and ascorbic acid (0.5 mg/g) on 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate stability in buffer systems were studied on a kinetic basis at different temperatures (from 65 to 160 degrees C) and different pressure/temperature combinations (from 100 to 700 MPa/from 20 to 65 degrees C). These studies showed that (i) the degradation of 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate in all model systems could be described by first-order reaction kinetics, (ii) the thermostability of 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate was enhanced by increasing pH up to 7, (iii) 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate was relatively pressure stable at temperatures lower than 40 degrees C, and (iv) ascorbic acid enhanced both the thermo- and barostabilities of 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate. In food products, temperature and pressure stabilities of 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate were studied at different temperatures (70-120 degrees C) and different pressure/temperature combinations (from 50 to 200 MPa/25 degrees C and 500 MPa/60 degrees C). 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate in orange juice and kiwi puree was relatively temperature (up to 120 degrees C) and pressure (up to 500 MPa/60 degrees C) stable in contrast to carrot juice and asparagus. Addition of ascorbic acid (0.5 mg/g) in carrot juice resulted in a remarkable protective effect on pressure (500 MPa/60 degrees C/40 min) and temperature degradation (120 degrees C/40 min) of 5-CH(3)-H(4)folate.

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