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Opt Lett. 2004 Feb 1;29(3):292-4.

Cascaded wavelength conversions based on sum-frequency generation and difference-frequency generation.

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  • 1Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street W., Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7, Canada.


A novel wavelength conversion scheme based on cascaded sum-frequency generation (SFG) and difference-frequency generation (DFG) is proposed and demonstrated in a MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched waveguide. In this scheme, two pump wavelengths are set outside the communication band. It is shown that the same conversion efficiency can be achieved by use of two pump sources with lower output power (P1, P2) in this scheme compared with the conventional cascaded wavelength conversion technique based on second-harmonic generation and DFG with a single higher-power pump beam (P = P1 + P2) that is due to the use of a larger SFG nonlinear coefficient. The results significantly influence the selection of a suitable nonlinear interaction scheme for practical applications.

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