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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2004 Jan-Feb;36(1):2-8.

Associations between perceived parent behaviors and middle school student fruit and vegetable consumption.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, 213A Jessie Harris Building, 1215 Cumberland Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996-1920, USA. eyoung12@utk.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine whether (1) student perceptions of parent behaviors explain variations in fruit and vegetable consumption, (2) self-efficacy mediates this relationship, and (3) perceived home fruit and vegetable availability moderates this relationship.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional survey.

SETTING:

Classrooms in 3 middle schools in 2 northeast Georgia counties.

PARTICIPANTS:

366 middle school students. The response and participation rates were 59% and 56%, respectively.

VARIABLES MEASURED:

Perceived authoritative parenting, perceived parent control, perceived parent modeling, perceived parent support, self-efficacy, perceived fruit and vegetable availability, and fruit and vegetable consumption.

ANALYSIS:

Hierarchical multiple regression; P <.05.

RESULTS:

Perceived parent modeling, perceived parent support, self-efficacy, and perceived fruit and vegetable availability were significant predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption. The relationship between perceived parent support and fruit and vegetable consumption was mediated by self-efficacy. The relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and both perceived parent modeling and support was moderated by perceived fruit and vegetable availability.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Parents appear to moderately influence middle school student fruit and vegetable consumption. Educators might focus on improving home fruit and vegetable availability and student self-efficacy, as well as parent support and modeling. The level of availability might indicate where efforts should focus for enhancing parent behaviors.

PMID:
14756976
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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