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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Jan 16;92(2):025301. Epub 2004 Jan 16.

Gapless spin liquid behavior in two-dimensional solid 3He.

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  • 1The Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581, Japan.


Direct demagnetization has been made for two-dimensional solid 3He in both the paramagnetic and the antiferromagnetic phases. The lowest temperature is about 10 microK, judging from the observed magnetization for the paramagnetic solid 3He. The magnetization of the antiferromagnetic solid 3He shows a gradual increase to about 10 microK for the 4/7 phase adsorbed on both one layer of 4He and two layers of HD preplated graphite. This strongly suggests that the triangular antiferromagnet with the higher order multiple exchange has a quantum spin liquid ground state with nearly zero or extremely small spin gap less than 10 microK.

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