Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Feb;24(4):1453-63.

Imbalanced gp130-dependent signaling in macrophages alters macrophage colony-stimulating factor responsiveness via regulation of c-fms expression.

Author information

  • 1Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Colon Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


The mechanisms by which interleukin-6 (IL-6) family cytokines, which utilize the common receptor signaling subunit gp130, influence monocyte/macrophage development remain unclear. Here we have utilized macrophages devoid of either gp130-dependent STAT1/3 (gp130(Delta STAT/Delta STAT)) or extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (gp130(Y757F/Y757F)) activation to assess the individual contribution of each pathway to macrophage formation. While the inhibition by IL-6 of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)-induced colony formation observed in gp130(wt/wt) mice was abolished in gp130(Delta STAT/Delta STAT) mice, inhibition of macrophage colony formation was enhanced in gp130(Y757F/Y757F) mice. In gp130(Delta STAT/Delta STAT) bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs), both IL-6- and M-CSF-induced ERK1/2 tyrosine phosphorylation was enhanced. By contrast, tyrosine phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in response to M-CSF was reduced in gp130(Y757F/Y757F) BMMs, and the pattern of ERK1/2 activation in gp130 mutant BMMs correlated with their opposing responsiveness to M-CSF-induced proliferation. When compared to the level of expression in gp130(wt/wt) BMMs, c-fms expression was elevated in gp130(Delta STAT/Delta STAT) BMMs but reduced in gp130(Y757F/Y757F) BMMs. Finally, an ERK1/2 inhibitor suppressed M-CSF-induced BMM proliferation, and this result corresponded to a reduction in c-fms expression. Collectively, these results provide a functional and causal correlation between gp130-dependent ERK MAP kinase signaling and c-fms gene activation, a finding that provides a potential mechanism underlying the inhibition of M-CSF-dependent macrophage development by IL-6 family cytokines in mice.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk