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Cancer Cell. 2004 Jan;5(1):37-49.

An oncogenic tyrosine kinase inhibits DNA repair and DNA-damage-induced Bcl-xL deamidation in T cell transformation.

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  • 1Laboratory of Lymphocyte Signalling and Development, Molecular Immunology Programme, The Babraham Institute, Babraham, Cambridge CB2 4AT, UK.


A transgenic mouse model of T cell lymphoma was used to investigate the transforming events mediated by an oncogenic tyrosine kinase in pretumorigenic CD4-CD8- (DN) thymocytes. Parental CD45(-/-) and p56(lck-F505Y) mice do not develop tumors, whereas their CD45(-/-)p56(lck-F505Y) progeny develop T lymphomas. Increased but nononcogenic p56lck kinase activity in p56(lck-F505Y) mice DN thymocytes causes cell-cycle progression, survival, and Bcl-XL upregulation. Additional unique oncogenic signals occur in pretumorigenic CD45(-/-)p56(lck-F505Y) thymocytes in which p56lck kinase activity is 2- to 3-fold higher relative to p56(lck-F505Y): inhibition of DNA repair, inhibition of DNA-damage-induced Bcl-XL deamidation, Bax conformational change and mitochondrial translocation, cytochrome c release, and the apoptotic caspase execution cascade. Inhibition of Bcl-XL deamidation may be a critical switch in oncogenic kinase-induced T cell transformation.

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